After years of deadlock, Iran has agreed to limit its nuclear development programs in exchange for loosening sanctions among the world powers. For the last decade, the middle eastern country has had many controversial policies and disagreements with the rest of the world, including its program to enrich uranium into weapon-grade quality. This change in policies can be attributed to Iran's recent change in power, where Hassan Rouhani replaced Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as president. While Ahmadinjed repeatedly criticized the western countries over sanctions and other foreign policies, he encouraged domestic development of nuclear technology.
Although Iran still currently has 19000 centrifuges, it recently signed a deal with the International Atomic Energy Agency to improve the transparency of its secret nuclear sites and projects. Additionally, it has also participated in the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, agreeing not to produce any weapons or enable other countries to obtain them.
Though there is still much work to be done, this is a major first step in curbing nuclear development and improving relations between Iran and the west. Reducing the risk of more nuclear weapons and increasing trade between the nations is a win-win situation that hopefully will succeed in the long term.
- Jesse Chai